Equity contributions typically range from 28 to 30 percent, according to three private equity executives contacted by Buyouts. One of the execs said the PetSmart deal is reminiscent of large buyout deals of 2007, when firms tried to “skinny the equity checks.”
According to regulatory filings dated Dec. 16, the deal includes about $7 billion of debt and calls for the investor group to contribute about $1.83 billion equity, which comes out to be about 21 percent of the total. The contribution may end being higher, since Thomson Reuters Loan Pricing Corp (LPC) reports that the equity will top $2 billion, which works out to 23 percent.
Besides BC Partners, the other buyers include Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, StepStone and Longview Asset Management, SEC filings said. (Longview has a 9 percent stake in PetSmart and is rolling over one-third of its holdings into the deal, LPC said.)
Andy Sookram, a Standard & Poor’s Rating Services director, said the additional debt will put a strain on PetSmart’s financial risk profile. S&P on December 15 gave the pet retailer a BB+ corporate credit rating with negative implications.
“We think a downgrade will occur,” Sookram said. “We have to do some more work, talk to [PetSmart’s] management and find out what the strategy is going forward.”
Not everyone agrees that the equity contribution is low. Large buyouts typically require lower equity, one banker said. A fourth private equity executive, who focuses on mid-market deals, said equity contributions for big buyouts usually are around 25 percent. The he exec called PetSmart a “high quality asset” and said: “The lenders think the business has more upside than downside and they get more comfortable stretching a bit.”
S&P’s Sookram said similar transactions typically have equity contributions that range from 20 percent to 30 percent.
With $7 billion in revenue, PetSmart has favorable operating fundamentals, Sookram added. “Pet retailers do really well even during the recession,” he said.
Executives for PetSmart, BC Partners, Caisse, StepStone and LongView could not immediately be reached for comment.