Firm: Clayton Dubilier & Rice LLC
Fund: Clayton Dubilier & Rice Fund IX
Hard cap: $6 billion
Amount raised: $6.25 billion
The firm attracted $8 billion in investor commitments for the fund but stuck with the hard cap of $6 billion it had originally agreed to, the people said. It had previously pledged $250 million of its own partners’ money towards the fund as well.
The fundraising will be formally completed in March once documentation is finalized, the people said. CD&R launched the fund, Clayton Dubilier & Rice Fund IX, a year ago with a $5 billion target.
A third close for $5.7 billion of the capital in the fund, formalizing investor commitments, took place the week of Feb. 24, one of the people added.
The sources spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss details of the fundraising publicly. CD&R declined to comment.
Low interest rates and U.S. Treasury yields have driven up investor appetite for high-performing, riskier and illiquid assets in recent years, including private equity.
Global private equity fundraising totaled $431 billion in 2013, up 13 percent on 2012 and the largest annual amount raised since the 2008 financial crisis, according to market research firm Preqin.
Strong investor demand presented a dilemma for CD&R, which approached investors with a $6 billion hard cap on the basis of the opportunity it saw in the market, yet could have earned more fees if the fund was bigger.
Apollo Global Management LLC, which went public in 2011 and shares some of its fees with public shareholders as dividends, raised the hard cap on its latest flagship fund from $15 billion to $17.5 billion. It ended up raising the largest private equity fund since the financial crisis due to a strong investment track record.
Some private equity fund managers and investors believe too much capital can diminish fund returns by making funds more likely to overpay in order to deploy the capital.
Others argue that an increase in the hard cap does not mean that the fund cannot find enough opportunities to spend the capital wisely.
CD&R’s previous fund, which was launched in 2007 at the onset of the financial crisis, raised $5 billion, missing its $7.5 billion target. But it has proved very lucrative for investors that backed it, with an internal rate of return as of the end of September of 24.4 percent, according to New Mexico Educational Retirement Board, one of its investors.
Among Fund IX’s investments are Ashland Inc’s water technologies unit, which CD&R said it would buy for $1.8 billion, and drug compounding firm PharMEDium Services LLC, which was acquired in January for a little less than $1 billion.
CD&R specializes in partnering with companies either to buy their non-core divisions or enter in joint ventures, thereby aiming to avoid some of the frothy auctions for entire companies that are up for sale.
For example, Fund IX also invested in Brand Energy & Infrastructure Services, which was acquired and combined with the infrastructure division of Harsco Corp. In exchange, Harsco received $300 million in cash and a 29 percent equity stake in the new company.
Since its inception in 1978, New York-based CD&R has raised $16 billion through its eight previous funds. The firm counts former General Electric Co CEO Jack Welch and former Tesco Plc CEO Terence Leahy as advisors.
CD&R is led by Donald Gogel, who has been with the firm for 25 years and became chief executive in 1998. Gogel also became chairman when co-founder Joseph Rice retired in 2012.
LBO Wire reported in January that CD&R aimed to close Fund IX at its $6 billion hard cap by the end of the first quarter.
Greg Roumeliotis is a reporter for Reuters News in New York
This story has been edited for content by Buyouts Magazine