Castle Harlan Fund V has yielded a net IRR of 21.9 percent for the Oregon Public Employees Retirement Fund as of Dec. 31, 2012, above the 19.0 percent threshold for top quartile vintage 2008 funds and well above the median of 10.6 percent, according to data compiled by Buyouts.
Q. Talk to me about fundraising for Fund V. Was it a difficult time? The fund was short of its target, which may not have been unusual at the time…
Howard Morgan: It was a challenging environment. The week of our first close was the week that Bear Stearns went out of business. Environmentally, it went from bad to worse. We ultimately closed on $800 million in 2010 and at the time we had a target that was significantly bigger. … $1.5 billion was on the prospectus. Bill and I became co-presidents three and a half years ago, really at the launch of the investment period for Fund V. So, while we’ve worked together for 17 years, formally this was sort of the launch of our first partnership in the leadership of the firm. We’re happy with where we came out, given the environment, and we’ve been proactive investing that fund.
Q. You raised $800 million. Why did you decide to close it and not keep it open?
Howard Morgan: Effectively, we were open for two years. There’s just a point at which you move on. Frankly, Bill and I have had the view that it’s all about performance. And those funds that demonstrate performance will raise another fund that will be bigger and better. We moved on.
Bill Pruellage: … Hopefully toward a better cycle. …
Q. How did you navigate the financial crisis? You were sort of in the middle of it when you were raising the fund, so it must be a great question for you.
Howard Morgan: The first thing I’d point out is that in 2007 we did not do a single platform acquisition (from Fund IV). We sold. We had more liquidity than we’d ever had in our history. Maybe we were seeing on the horizon troubling times ahead. We remained very slow through the bulk of the recession. However, we managed to grow a number of companies. Notably, United Malt (from Fund IV) was a business where we succeeded in tripling EBITDA during the global financial crisis.
Bill Pruellage: It was really one of the few exits completed in the fourth quarter of 2009.
Q. Once you raised the fund, what was your initial deal?
Bill Pruellage: The first investment in Castle Harlan Fund V was Pretium Packaging. This is a business that actually performs relatively well during recessionary periods. It manufactures rigid plastic bottles used for things like shampoo and pickles, items that people are buying in any economic environment. It was a transaction that we were able to put together at the end of 2009. We closed in the beginning of 2010. That was a deal that took several months to put together. It was also two companies that we acquired and merged simultaneously. We put a company called Novapak together with Pretium — highly complementary businesses.
Howard Morgan: It was a simultaneous add-on — trying to be creative.
Q. What else contributed to the success of Fund V?
Howard Morgan: IDQ is an outstanding example. They are really the only producer of a do-it-yourself product to repair your car air conditioner. The average repair job for an AC is probably $500. Our product, the leading brand name called A/C Pro, is a $35 product.
Q. Very recession proof?
Howard Morgan: Absolutely. In an environment where people are saving money and they’re more inclined to do things themselves, it was a good fit on sentiment. The opportunity was to invest heavily, as the first owner really to invest in advertising and consumer awareness and in-store training. We redesigned the product presentation to simplify it. As a result, we doubled EBITDA in the two years we owned it, which I’ll point out was three summer seasons. We’re very pleased with the growth there. We sold the business to Kinderhook Industries.
Bill Pruellage: Securus Technologies Inc. We acquired it from H.I.G. Capital. It’s a leading telecommunications provider to prisons and jails. It’s a company we owned for just under two years. We were able to build market share by focusing on large-scale state contracts. We also completed a couple of add-on acquisitions — a common growth strategy for us. In this case we were able to acquire the leading provider of video visitation along with a leading provider of investigative software. They really enhanced our product offering. We exited to ABRY Partners.
Howard Morgan: Another one we did a little more than a year ago was Shelf Drilling (purchased from Transocean as an international collection of offshore jack-up rigs). We were not looking to buy anything in energy — we wanted to be very targeted and contrarian. Shelf Drilling is in shallow water, while the more popular area was deep and ultra-deep. But we saw steady, predictable cash flow, mostly oil. The company had no management, it had no audits. We really created a company that has now already doubled its earnings in just one year. We still have that one. It is on the company’s website that it’s exploring the possibility of an IPO. It’s early but we’ve sort of accomplished our mid-term earnings objectives and so we’ll see.
Q. Looking back on your fund, you actually managed to nearly hit your $1.5 billion target because you’ve had $590 million in co-investments so far for Fund V.
Howard Morgan: We’ve been big believers in co-investments for decades. We’ve had co-invests in 13 of the last 18 deals. And co-invest does a number of things. In this day and age, it certainly rewards some existing partners — partners are looking for it. It also gives us an opportunity to meet new partners to experience a deal. We’ve also used it strategically and had corporate co-investors and in some cases highly specialized other firms that could bring additional experience to our own experience. It’s also enabled us to keep the pace of investing of a somewhat bigger fund. We’ve also co-invested three times with our Australian affiliate, CHAMP Private Equity, on more global deals.
Q. So what’s in store for Fund V looking ahead?
Howard Morgan: Bill and I believe in a slightly more concentrated portfolio of eight to 10. We’ll probably do two to three more platform deals.
Q. How did Fund V shape the evolution of the firm?
Bill Pruellage: In terms of personnel, we’ve had two promotions to managing director in the last year — Heather Faust, Tariq Osman. We generally like to promote from within.
Howard Morgan: Bill and I have been focused on making our investment process more rigorous and our results have reflected that.